Demystifying Different Types of Bioremediation
Any process that employs numerous microorganisms in the soil, for the purposes of cleaning up pollutants from contaminated environment, can aptly be regarded as bioremediation – a scientific process that is similar to soil remediation. Microorganisms released from bioremediation receive toxins that keep them alive, while in turn keeping the environment safe and free from toxins.
Here is how bioremediation (soil remediation) process works
Myriads of contaminated areas contain chemicals such as hydrocarbons and heavy metals. For proper treatment of the soil to occur, for bioremediation process to take effect, the metabolism of microorganisms must combine with the functions of the chemicals present. Both sides gain; the environment gets cleared off toxins, while the microorganisms get food that is toxins.
There are different types of bioremediation processes that effectively keep the environment clean and free from contamination. Initially, there is the intrinsic bioremediation process. It is most effective in areas that are filled with toxins such as hydrocarbons found in petroleum products. Microorganisms break apart the toxins and digest them to keep the environment clean.
Subsequently, there is the bio-stimulation process. Unlike the aforementioned, this soil remediation process has to be instigated and it is only viable in areas where microorganisms naturally exist. Here is how it works; for contaminants to fully disappear in an area, scientists must enhance the growth and activity of bacteria that live within the contaminated area.
That is inclusive of all microorganisms that breed therein as well. Since the idea is to flourish the microorganisms and allow them to thrive – for the natural removal of toxins from the soil and water – it is imperative that nutrients and oxygen be added to the polluted areas to effectively enhance the remediation process. This is done until all the contaminants fully disappear.
There is also the bio-augmentation process that is commonly used in waste-water treatment facilities. Chances of this soil remediation process yielding success are almost zero, because introducing microorganisms to a foreign environment kills them, hence proving ineffective. Microorganisms are purposely meant for the growth of a specific contaminant.
For the bio-augmentation remediation process to yield much success, microorganisms must be aptly introduced to toxins that were removed from the original contamination site. But that rarely happens since not many a scientists are well versed with bioremediation process of this kind. That explains why this soil remediation process is still used in waste-water facilities.
This post on bio-remediation has been presented by Peach Country, a top rate soil remediation company in South Jersey. Check us out online before starting your next remediation project.